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IELTS雅思

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雅思写作:你用对“逗号”了吗?

发布时间:2021-03-25 关键词:雅思写作

摘要:标点误用会直接引起读者阅读障碍和对信息的歧义理解,可是我们最常用的标点之一——逗号,我们在语言输出过程中都用对了吗?下面新航道小编为大家介绍一下雅思写作中常用的标点--逗号的使用方法!

  标点误(wu)用(yong)会(hui)直(zhi)接引起读者阅(yue)读障(zhang)碍和对(dui)信息的(de)歧义理解,可是我们(men)最常用(yong)的(de)标点之一——逗号,我们(men)在语言输出(chu)过(guo)程中都(dou)用(yong)对(dui)了吗(ma)?下面新航道小(xiao)编为大家介绍(shao)一下雅思写作中常用(yong)的(de)标点--逗号的(de)使用(yong)方(fang)法!

雅思写作

  逗号用法1:分隔并列项

   A, B, and C

  解析(xi):连(lian)接大于等于三者以上的并(bing)列项,注意连(lian)词前有逗(dou)号。

  ‘The glass industry is aware of the issue,’ says Brian Waldron, chairman of the standards committee at the Glass and Glazing Federation [,] a British trade association [,] and standards development officer at Pikington. (例(li)子出处:剑15 T4R)

   A, B and C

  解(jie)析:有时候避免(mian)太过于(yu)考究,可(ke)以省略连词前的逗号。

  A country’s history [,] language and ethos are all inextricably bound up in its manufactured artifacts. (例子出(chu)处(chu):剑(jian)10 T3WT2)

  逗号用法2:分隔非句子成分

  四(si)种写法(fa)

  副词/介词词组/非谓语结构,独立句子(zi)

  解析(xi):逗号连(lian)接句(ju)首的副词(ci)/介词(ci)词(ci)组/非(fei)谓语结(jie)构(gou)和后面的独立句(ju)子。

  Since then [,] so many other examples have been discovered that it no longer makes sense to say that evolution is as good as irreversible. (例子出处:剑10T4R)

  主(zhu)语(yu), 副词/介(jie)词词组/非(fei)谓语(yu)结构,谓语(yu)及句子(zi)其(qi)他成分

  解(jie)析:双(shuang)逗(dou)号隔开句中的(de)副词(ci)/介(jie)词(ci)词(ci)组/非谓语这三类结构(gou)。

  The International Institute of Noise Control Engineering [,] on the advice of the World Health Organization [,] has established an international working party.’(例子出处:剑9T2R)

  独立句(ju)子, 副词/介词词组/非(fei)谓语结构

  解析:逗号连接部分句末出现的副(fu)词/介词词组/非谓语结构。

  The gender difference is smallest at the level of Bachelor’s degree[,] however. (例子(zi)出处:剑4T3WT1)

  名词,同(tong)位语(yu),句子其他成(cheng)分(fen)或(huo)者名词,同(tong)位语(yu)。

  解(jie)析(xi):句(ju)子中名(ming)词后(hou)面(mian)的同(tong)(tong)位语,用双逗号(hao)(hao)隔开其与句(ju)子主干;如果是句(ju)末(mo)名(ming)词的同(tong)(tong)位语,句(ju)末(mo)自(zi)然句(ju)号(hao)(hao)落尾(wei)。

  Clemmons contacted Morteza Gharib [,] aeronautics professor at the California Institute of Technology. (例子出处:剑7T4R)

  逗号用法3:与连接词一起连接句子

  两种写法

  连(lian)接词独立句子(zi)(zi),独立句子(zi)(zi)

  解析:逗号(hao)与(yu)连接词(ci)(ci)一(yi)起连接两个(ge)独立句子,这类常用连接词(ci)(ci)通常是(shi)状从(cong)从(cong)属连词(ci)(ci)如Because/If/Although/When/where等。

  例句:If this is not true [,] then we would be able to predict he behavior and character of a person from the moment they were born. (例子出(chu)处:剑5T4WT2)

  独立句(ju)(ju)子(zi),连接词独立句(ju)(ju)子(zi)

  解析:状从(cong)从(cong)属连词(ci)(ci)可放(fang)两句中(zhong)间;另外(wai)置(zhi)于中(zhong)间的连接词(ci)(ci)还包括(kuo)平行(xing)关(guan)系的连词(ci)(ci)如and/while/but/or以(yi)及非限定(ding)性定(ding)从(cong)从(cong)属连词(ci)(ci)which /who/whose/whom等(deng)。

  Interest in sport is not universal [,] and additional facilities might simply attract the already fit. (例子出处:剑(jian)9T3WT2)

  This has the added benefit that parents and children often use them together just for fun [,] which develops a positive attitude to exercise at an early age. (例子出处:剑9T3WT2)

  小(xiao) 结

  这(zhei)三种用法中(zhong),第(di)三种是我们在写作中(zhong)最容易用错并引起(qi)歧义的地方了。

  切记逗号不能一“逗”到底任(ren)意连(lian)接(jie)两个没有连(lian)接(jie)词(ci)的句子(zi)也不可以让(rang)连(lian)接(jie)词(ci)连(lian)接(jie)一个独立(li)句子(zi)。

  牛刀小试

  注:仅从(cong)语法层面修改。

  原文:

  However, books always are not attractive for children or youngster. It is because books are quite boring. A lot of words and less pictures inside the books, compare to television, television has pictures and sound, we don’t have to read a lot of words in television. But some artist in television programme or file, bring a bad image to us. Then some children or youngster will imitate their behavior.(剑4T1WT2)

  修改(gai):

  However, books always are not attractive for children or youngsters. It is because books are quite boring. A lot of words and lesspictures are inside the books [.] Compared to television, television has pictures and sounds. We don’t have to read a lot of words in television [,] but someartists in television programme or file bring a bad image to us. Then[,] some children or youngster will imitate their behavior.

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